Los Angeles (often simply called L.A) is the largest city in the state of California and the second largest in the United States. The city was founded in 1781 by Spanish Captain Rivera y Moncada, yet it was not incorporated as a municipality until April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood. It is the county seat of Los Angeles County.
Los Angeles is one of the world's centers of culture, science, technology, international trade, and higher education, and is home to world-renowned institutions in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. The city and its immediate surrounding vicinity lead the world in producing popular entertainment—such as motion picture, television, and recorded music—which forms the base of Los Angeles's international fame and global status.
The city of Los Angeles is an amazingly diverse city is most famous for Hollywood, Downtown, and numerous surrounding communities that serve as home for the rich and famous.
Even before O.J. drove the Bronco or "The Terminator" became Governor, Frank Lloyd Wright famously said, "Tip the world over on its side and everything loose will land in Los Angeles".
The Los Angeles metro area has been a "boom town" since the completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1876, first attracting "the folks" from the Midwest with a blessedly warm and dry climate-- and then becoming a gateway to a magnificent diversity of immigration from throughout the Pacific Rim and Latin America.
L.A. is a huge, sprawling, megalopolis, you could start in one end of L.A. and drive for more than two hours without leaving the county's influence. The metro area includes smaller cities, such as Santa Monica, Burbank, Pasadena, and Long Beach, which were founded around the end of the nineteenth century and retain distinct identities. Geographically, there is very little rhyme or reason to what is part of the city of LA and what isn't. For example, Hollywood isn't a separate city--it's part of the City of Los Angeles-- but adjacent West Hollywood and Beverly Hills are not part of the city.